What are the long-term effects of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE)?
Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), or birth asphyxia, can result in long-term physical, mental, and cognitive problems. Usually, HIE is diagnosed early. Other times, however, the brain damage from HIE is not discovered until years after the hypoxic event, when a child fails to meet certain developmental milestones.
The severity of the disabilities is dependent upon how long the oxygen deprivation lasted, the condition of the baby at the time of the deprivation, and how severe the oxygen deprivation was. A child deprived for a short time will likely have less disability than a child that was without oxygen for a longer time. Some of the typical long-term effects of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) include the following:
- Cerebral palsy
- Epilepsy, seizure disorders
- Severe hearing impairments
- Blindness or severe vision impairments
- Problems learning, thinking, and speaking. These issues are often accompanied by a low mental development index (MDI) score.
- Problems with walking and coordination, also called motor and behavioral developmental problems. These result in a low psychomotor development index (PDI) score.
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The long-term effects of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) can be devastating. It’s especially tragic when the circumstances surrounding the hypoxic event may have been preventable. If your child suffers from any of the permanent disabilities above and you believe there may have been mistakes made during labor and delivery, Reiter & Walsh ABC Law Centers can help.
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Related Resources on Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE)
- Medical Information: Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy
- Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy Resources
- Legal Help: Our Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy Lawyers & Firm