Premature Birth Complications and Causes

Detroit, Michigan Birth Injury Attorneys Explain Premature Birth Complications

According to a recent report by the March of Dimes, the nation’s preterm birth rate fell from 12.7% in 2009 to 12.3% in 2010. While this is a slight improvement from previous premature birth rates, the United States is still far from reaching the nation’s Healthy People objective of 7.6%. To be characterized as premature, babies must be born before the 37th week of gestation. However, studies show that even babies born right before 39 weeks are at a higher risk for brain damage, disabilities, feeding issues, respiratory problems and death from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Premature Birth Complications and Birth InjuryWorldwide, an estimated 13 million babies are born prematurely. Wealthy nations such as the U.S. have advanced neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) for those babies born prematurely. Despite advanced technology, premature babies are still at a great risk for complications, disabilities, brain damage and lifelong problems. Premature birth is the leading cause of newborn death and those infants that do survive face a risk of developing cerebral palsy, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and infant brain damage, movement disorders, intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD), infections, seizure disorders and other conditions and injuries.

Complications Associated with Premature Delivery

There is a wide variety of neonatal complications associated with premature delivery. The following list is just a sampling of the most common issues prematurely delivered babies may face:

  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS)
  • Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) or intracranial hemorrhaging
  • Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC)
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP)
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)
  • Developmental delays and disabilities
  • Cerebral Palsy (CP)
  • Apnea & Bradycardia
  • Infection
  • Jaundice and Kernicterus
  • Sepsis and Meningitis
  • Anemia
  • Pneumonia

Premature birth can be caused by infection, incompetent cervix, preterm labor or other factors. Many times, preterm labor can be avoided by properly treating infections, using cerclage and using medications (such as progesterone) to stop preterm contractions. Other risk factors for preterm delivery include infections, diabetes and hypertension. When these complications are left untreated, both the health of the mother and baby are at risk. Additional risk factors include smoking and alcohol use, poor nutrition, obesity, pregnancies before the age of 16 and after 35, carrying multiples and elective early inductions or cesarean sections.

Legal Help for Premature Birth Complications | Detroit, Michigan Birth Injury Attorneys with 3 Decades of Experience

Legal Help for Premature Birth ComplicationsWith over fifty years of cumulative experience, the award-winning birth injury attorneys at Reiter & Walsh ABC Law Centers have the skills and experience necessary to win complication birth injury and medical malpractice cases related to premature birth. Our legal team understands the complexities of premature birth complications and continually secures multi-million dollar settlements for those injured by medical professionals.

If you have any questions, concerns, or case inquiries related to medical malpractice and premature birth complications, we urge you to reach out to our legal team for a free case review today. You may call our Detroit, Michigan birth injury attorneys toll-free at 888-419-2229 or complete this online contact form.

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2 replies
  1. Ann Blanco says:

    I’m in California, do you practice there? I have a 18 year old who was deprived of oxygen at birth, spent -4 days in the NIC unit, all Dr error. Need to know if I have a case, lots of documentation and facts leading to Dr error and cover up by same health care company when I expressed my concerns year after year.

  2. Reiter & Walsh, P.C. says:

    Dear Ann: A staff member has reached out to you regarding your child. Thank you for your comment.

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