Neonatal ICU (NICU) Attorneys & Birth Injury Lawyers | When Your Baby is in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU): Answers for Parents

Neonatal ICU (NICU) Attorneys & Birth Injury Lawyers Helping Children with Birth Injuries such as Cerebral Palsy

When a baby is admitted to the NICU, parents have many questions about the reasons for the admission and what issues their newborn will face. Often, babies require NICU care because they have injuries that occurred during or near the time of birth, called birth injuries.  A lack of oxygen to the baby’s brain (birth asphyxia) is a common cause of injuries at birth.  Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a brain injury caused by a lack of oxygen in the brain (hypoxia) and/or a reduction or restriction of blood flow in the brain (ischemia). In the NICU, the medical team will make sure the baby is breathing normally and getting proper nutrition. Many babies in the NICU can be breast-fed, but some babies may not be able to be breast-fed or they may need extra nutrition, which they can get through an IV or tube. HIE is the most common cause of seizures in a newborn, so babies with HIE will be closely monitored for seizure activity.  If the baby has respiratory distress syndrome or other breathing problems, she will need help breathing from a ventilator or CPAP machine.  In this section, we will discuss tests performed right after birth and the many issues babies face in the NICU.