Umbilical cord prolapse is an emergency labor and delivery complication that occurs when the umbilical cord presents before or with the baby during delivery. Cord prolapse interferes with the flow of blood, nutrients and oxygen to the baby, so immediate delivery is necessary when the complication occurs. Without timely delivery, a cord prolapse can cause severe, permanent birth injuries including hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).
Umbilical Cord Prolapse: Transcript
Another type of cord complication that can occur during labor and delivery is a cord prolapse in this situation, the baby’s head is not engaged in the pelvis. If the mom then has a rupture of membranes, it leaves an opportunity for the umbilical cord to fall through and deliver before the head. This is an emergency situation. Once this happens, any part of that baby—whether it be the head, the shoulder, or the body—will start to occlude the umbilical cord and cut off the oxygen source to the baby. The baby quickly develops hypoxia and eventually will develop hypxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).
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