Pediatrics just published a study that points to events that occur during delivery as being necessary to the development of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), rather than events that occur before labor.
Forceps and vacuum extractors are sometimes used during labor and delivery despite risk of brain damage.
Sometimes delivery of a baby is assisted by instruments called vacuum extractors. When used correctly, they can be very useful. However, incorrect use may cause serious or fatal complications.