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Research Update: Vacuum Extractors and Forceps Are Both Associated with a Higher Risk of Shoulder Dystocia

Vacuum extractors and forceps are both tools that can be used to assist with a vaginal birth. In developed countries, vacuum extractors have become much more commonly used than forceps, and in certain situations are the safer choice. However, this tool also involves serious risks. For example, some studies have found an association between the…

Understanding Birth Injuries

A baby’s brain is a vulnerable organ. Brain damage is a common injury, and hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), or a lack of oxygen to the brain, can often be the cause. However, there are a few other birth injuries that are lesser known. These include umbilical cord complications, trauma from instruments such as forceps and…

Intracerebral Hemorrhage Causes Substantial Risk of Seizures and Epilepsy in Babies and Children

When infants and children suffer an intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), there is substantial risk of seizures and epilepsy. Many seizures that follow ICH can only be detected on an EEG. Thus, routine EEG monitoring of children with ICH is essential. Elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) is a risk factor for seizures and epilepsy and should therefore be promptly treated.