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Dysphagia and cerebral palsy

Dysphagia is a condition characterized by persistent difficulty or pain when swallowing. There are many causes of dysphagia, and people of all ages can suffer from it (1).  Dysphagia is especially common for children with complex medical needs, with an estimated 30-80% of children with developmental disabilities having some form of dysphagia (2). Children with…

Three-Dimensional Movement Analysis Found to Help Measure Arm Movement in Children with Unilateral CP

Unilateral (also known as hemiplegic) cerebral palsy affects the motor abilities on one side of the body. Children with unilateral CP usually have impaired upper limb function. For this reason, measuring the movement of the upper limbs is imperative in logging the progress of a patient with unilateral CP (1).  In three-dimensional movement analysis (3DMA),…

Topographical Classification of Cerebral Palsy

The topographical classification of cerebral palsy (CP) is used to describe the body parts that are affected by the condition. Doctors commonly use this terminology to diagnose and explain where motor difficulties take place on the body.  Key terms Each topographical classification includes a prefix that shows the number of areas affected, and a suffix…

Recent stories of police brutality against individuals with disabilities demonstrate need for change in training programs

Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DDs), cerebral palsy (CP), hearing and vision difficulties, and other disabilities can struggle with communication. They may have difficulties with problem-solving skills. They can also have difficulty following rules and obeying laws (1). They may struggle with interpersonal relationships, social responsibility, and general social skills. Or they may just…

Comparing Cerebral Palsy to Other Motor Disorders

Nervous system conditions that affect an individual’s movements are called “motor disorders.” They can result in increased voluntary or involuntary movements, as well as faster or slower movements (1). Many motor disorders can have similar signs and symptoms, even though they are caused by different underlying conditions or diseases. Cerebral palsy (CP) is a movement…

Mixed Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) exists in a variety of different forms, and its symptoms vary significantly from person to person. For instance, while people with severe CP may need a wheelchair to help them get around, people with mild CP might be able to walk just fine on their own (1). All people with CP experience…

Research shows trends over time in health of young adults with cerebral palsy

Because of major improvements in neonatal healthcare, children who are born prematurely or have birth injuries are much more likely to survive than they were a few decades ago. Researchers have begun to wonder how the incidence of disabilities stemming from birth-related complications has changed over time, and whether this has been impacted by the…

Research Shows That Adults with Cerebral Palsy Are At Higher Risk of Mental Health Issues

According to recent research, adults with cerebral palsy (CP) are at higher risk of developing mental health conditions than are adults without CP. Daniel Whitney and colleagues from Michigan Medicine (a healthcare system run by the University of Michigan) published a study (1) that emphasizes the need for increased knowledge of mental health conditions and…

Fast Facts about Primitive Reflexes

Primitive reflexes are involuntary natural movements found in newborns. They can be spontaneous movements or reactions to certain stimuli. Primitive reflexes can occur in different periods of infant development. Primitive reflexes include (1, 2, 3): Tonic neck reflex: When a baby’s head turns to one side, their arm on that side will stretch out and…