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New Study Suggests Benefits of Intranasal Breast Milk in Cases of Intraventricular Hemorrhage

A recent Scary Mommy article put a November 2018 study in the spotlight regarding  the benefits of intranasal breast milk administration in infants with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) (1,2).  What is intraventricular hemorrhage? Intraventricular hemorrhages, or brain bleeds, happen when there is bleeding within the brain’s ventricular system. IVH can result from oxygen deprivation at birth…

Comparing Cerebral Palsy to Other Motor Disorders

Nervous system conditions that affect an individual’s movements are called “motor disorders.” They can result in increased voluntary or involuntary movements, as well as faster or slower movements (1). Many motor disorders can have similar signs and symptoms, even though they are caused by different underlying conditions or diseases. Cerebral palsy (CP) is a movement…

Management of Lupus in Pregnancy: Birth Injury Prevention

In the 1970s, women with lupus were often advised against becoming pregnant because of associated complications that can make pregnancies with lupus dangerous to both mothers and babies. Today, doctors recognize that with proper medical oversight and careful timing, most women with lupus can have a successful pregnancy (1). However, it is important to note…

Sickle Cell Disease, Pregnancy, and Birth Injuries

Women with sickle cell disease or sickle cell trait (those who are carriers of the gene that causes sickle cell disease) can often have safe and healthy pregnancies, but there are certain risks that are important to know about. If doctors fail to consider these risks or mismanage associated complications, this can harm the mother…

Communication Function Classification System for CP

The Communication Function Classification System, or CFCS, is a classification tool used to describe the everyday communication performance of an individual with cerebral palsy (CP). It utilizes the World Health Organization’s (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) (1). It is not a test to see how well a person with CP can…

Compound presentation

Compound presentation occurs when the part of the fetus closest to the birth canal (usually the head) presents with an extremity next to it (usually hand or arm) (1). It has been estimated to affect less than 0.004% of pregnancies. What are the causes of compound presentation?  Compound presentation can occur as a result of…

Maternity Care Shortages and Birth Injuries

One of the major risk factors for birth injuries, such as hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), is lack of access to high quality healthcare. This means that births may be more dangerous if the mother does not live near a hospital with trained and qualified staff, or if she is uninsured/unable to afford care.  Additionally, some states…

Increase in Drug Resistant UTIs: What Does This Mean for Pregnant Women?

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a relatively common ailment, affecting about 50-60% of women in their lifetimes (1), and in many cases are easily treatable. However, if not effectively treated, they can lead to a variety of dangerous complications, especially in certain high-risk groups. One population particularly threatened by UTIs is pregnant women and their…

Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP)

Disclaimer: Please note that we cannot provide medical advice or assist in medical emergencies. Children with brain damage from hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) often require extensive care for conditions such as cerebral palsy and epilepsy. In addition to assistance with the tasks of daily living (i.e feeding, bathing, etc.) and routine medical care, they may need…