How do babies breathe in the womb, and how do they become oxygen-deprived?

Babies do not exactly “breathe” in the womb; at least not by inhaling air they way they do after delivery. Instead, oxygen travels through the mother’s lungs, heart, vasculature, uterus, and placenta, finally making its way through the umbilical cord and into the fetus. Interruptions in the Oxygen Pathway: Birth Injuries During labor and delivery,…

Can a delayed C-section cause hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE)?

Yes. Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a condition caused by a lack of oxygen in the brain.  Newborn HIE may involve a lack of oxygen in the baby’s blood (hypoxemia/hypoxia) or a lack of blood flow in the baby’s brain (ischemia).  Babies can become oxygen deprived during labor and delivery, shortly before labor, or shortly after birth.  When…

Can placenta previa cause hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE)?

Yes. Placenta previa occurs when the placenta is unusually low in the uterus, near or sometimes covering the cervix. If discovered early in pregnancy, the situation may correct itself naturally, depending on the severity of the previa. If not, the doctor will typically monitor the pregnancy, carefully watching for changes like maternal bleeding, a common complication of…

Was my child's hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) caused by medical malpractice?

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is often associated with medical mistakes and malpractice, so it is wise to call a birth injury attorney as soon as possible after the diagnosis. He or she will review the case records and consult with experts to determine if negligence caused your baby’s HIE. Michigan Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) Lawyers Discuss Medical…

What causes hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE)?

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), sometimes referred to as birth asphyxia, is a neonatal brain injury caused by an insufficient flow of oxygen-rich blood. There are a variety of factors that may lead to HIE, including maternal health issues, labor and delivery complications, infections, improper fetal monitoring, or failure to provide needed intervention (such as an emergency…